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反渗透技术在电厂水处理的应用分析

来源:/作者:admin/时间:2018-04-06
摘要:反渗透技术作为膜分离技术中一种,具有先进性的特点,在电厂水处理中进行应用取得了较好的成效。特别是针对于当前水资源短缺的局面,电厂利用反渗透技术来对电厂水进行处理,有效的..

FANSHENTOUJISHUZUOWEIMOFENLIJISHUZHONGYIZHONG,JUYOUXIANJINXINGDETEDIAN,ZAIDIANCHANGSHUICHULIZHONGJINXINGYINGYONGQUDELEJIAOHAODECHENGXIAO。TEBIESHIZHENDUIYUDANGQIANSHUIZIYUANDUANQUEDEJUMIAN,DIANCHANGLIYONGFANSHENTOUJISHULAIDUIDIANCHANGSHUIJINXINGCHULI,YOUXIAODESHIXIANLEFEISHUIDEZHONGFULIYONG,SHIXIANLESHUIZIYUANDEJIEYUE。ERQIEFANSHENTOUJISHUHAINENGGOUSHIXIANDUIDIANCHANGZHOUWEIFEISHUIDEYOUXIAOCHULI,SHIXIANZIYUANDEYOULILIYONG,ZHEIBUJINYOULIYUJIANGDIDIANCHANGYUNYINGCHENGBEN,ERQIEDUIDIANCHANGJINGJIXIAOYI、SHEHUIXIAOYIHESHENGTAIXIAOYIMUBIAODESHIXIANJUYOUFEICHANGZHONGYAODEYIYI。

反渗透技术在电厂水处理的应用分析

1 反渗透技术的基本原理

FANSHENTOUJISHUBENZHISHIMOFENLIJISHU,JIBUTONGLIJINGFENZIHUNHEWUZAITONGGUOBANTOUMOSHISHIXIANYOUXUANZEXINGDEFENLIDEJISHU。YINCIZAIFANSHENTOUJISHUZHONG,BANTOUMOSHIGAIJISHUDEGUANJIANSUOZAI,TONGCHANGHUIGENJUKONGJINGDEBUTONG,JIANGBANTOUMOHUAFENWEIWEILVMO、CHAOLVMO、NALVMOHEFANSHENTOUMO。ZHEIQIZHONGFANSHENTOUMOZISHENDEKONGJINGJIAOXIAO,YINCINENGGOUZAISHUICHULISHIJIANGJIAOTI、YOUJIWU、YANLEIHEWEISHENGWUGUOLVDIAO。ZAIFANSHENTOUJISHUYINGYONGGUOCHENGZHONG,QIYIYALICHAZUOWEIGAIJISHUDEYOUXIAOTUIDONGLI。ZAIJUTIYINGYONGGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGGUODUIMOYICEDERONGYESHIJIAYALI,SUIZHECAOZUOYALIDEBUDUANJIADA,DANGQIDAYUSHENTOUYASHI,RONGYEZEHUIFANFANGXIANGJINXINGSHENTOU。DANZAISHIJICAOZUOGUOCHENGZHONG,FANSHENTOUMOJUYOUFUZAXINGHEJINGMIXINGDETEDIAN,JIYISHOUDAOWURANHEDUSAI,YIDANSHOUDAOQINGWEIDEJIXIESUNSHANGYEHUIDUIQISHIJIXIAONENGDAILAIJIAODADEYINGXIANG,YINCIZAILIYONGFANSHENTOUJISHUJINXINGSHUICHULIGUOCHENGZHONG,XUYAODUIJINSHUISHUIZHIYANGEYAOQIU,BINGYAOYUXIANDUIYUANSHUIJINXINGYOUXIAOCHULI,QUEBAOSHUIZHINENGGOUYUYUNZUOBIAOZHUNQINGKUANGXIANGFU,YICILAITIGAOSHUICHULIGUOCHENGZHONGFANSHENTOUZHUANGZHIDEGAOXIAOXING。

2 反渗透特点

FANSHENTOUMOFENLIJISHUSHILIYONGFANSHENTOUYUANLILAISHIXIANRONGYEDEJINGHUAHENONGSUODE,FENLITEXINGSHIQIJUYOUYIXIATEDIAN:(1)FANSHENTOUJISHUDEZIDONGHUACHENGDUGAO,QINENGHAOZAIDUOSHUCHULIFANGFAZHONGSHUYUZUIDI,SHIYINWEIZAISHUIDECHULIGUOCHENGZHONGZUOWEITUIDONGLIDEJINJINSHISHUIDEYALI。ZAICHANGWENBUFASHENGXIANGBIANDETIAOJIANXIA,JIUKEYISHIXIANDUIRONGZHIHERONGJIDEFENLI,YOUXIAOCHENGFENSUNSHIJISHAO,TEBIESHIYONGYUREMINXINGWUZHIDEFENLI、NONGSUO,BINGQIEYUYOUXIANGBIANHUADEFENLIFANGFAXIANGBI,NENGHAOJIAODI。(2)BUXUYAOZAISHENGCHULI,WULIGUOCHENG,BUSHIYONGHUAXUESHIJIHETIANJIAJI,CHANPINBUSHOUWURAN;YINCIJIEYUELEDALIANGDESUANJIANHEHUAXUEYAOJI,SUANJIANFEIYEDEPAIFANGLIANGDADAJIANSHAO,XIAOCHULEFEISUANJIANHEHUAXUEFEIYEDECHULIGUOCHENG,JIANSHAOHUANJINGWURAN,YOUHAODEHUANJINGXIAOYI。(3)FANSHENTOUMODEXINGZHIWENDING,ZHENGGEGUOCHENGWUXIANGTAIBIANHUA,DOUSHIZAICHANGWENXIAGONGZUO,ZAZHIQUCHULVGAO,QUCHUFANWEIGUANG。YOUXIAODENENGLIANGXIAOHAO,CHUSHUIZHILIANGHAO。(4)FANSHENTOUSHEBEIKEYISHIYINGDUOZHONGYUANSHUI,SHEBEIJIANDANQIECAOZUOFANGBIAN,SHIYINGXINGQIANG,CHULIGUIMOKEDAKEXIAO,KEYILIANXUYEKEYIJIANXIEJINXING,GONGYIJIANDAN,CAOZUOFANGBIAN,YIYUZIDONGHUAYUNXINGWEIHUHESHEBEIWEIXIUGONGZUOLIANGSHAO。(5)FANSHENTOUYOUHAODEJINGJIXIAOYI。FANSHENTOUXITONGDEYUNXINGFEIYONGDI,KEZAIJIAODUANSHIJIANNEISHOUHUITOUZI。LIANXUCHANSHUISHIFANSHENTOUSHUICHULIJISHUDEYIDAYOUDIAN,WULIZIJIAOHUANQIDESHIYONG,YINCIWUFANXI、HAIYUAN、ZAISHENG、ZHIHUAN、SHUNXIDENGCAOZUO,CHANPINSHUILIULIANGBUHUIYOUDADEBODONG,HUOHUGAOHUDI,SHIFADIANJIZUNENGGOUWENDINGDEYUNXING,DIANCHANGDEANQUANYUNXINGYEYOULEYOULIDEBAOZHANG。

3 反渗透系统组成模块

3.1GUOLVQI

GUOLVQITONGCHANGSHEZHIZAIYALISHEBEIQIANMIAN,ZHUYAOSHIQUCHUWUSHUIZHONGZHUODUZAI1 DUYISHANGDEXIXIAOKELI,NENGGOUBAOZHENGZHENGGEXITONGYUNXINGZHONGDUIJINSHUIXUQIUYUJINSHUISUDUDEXUQIU,YOUSHIGUOLVQIHAIKEYIZENGSHEYUXITONGDEMODUAN,ZHEINENGGOUFANGZHIWAIJIEXIXIAOKELIJINRUDAOCHULIHOUDEYOUZHISHUIZHIZHONG。

3.2GAOYABENG

GAISHEBEIDEZAIXITONGZHONGDEZUOYONGZHUYAOSHIBAOZHENGSHIJIADEYALIDADAOXIANGYINGDEBIAOZHUN,SHIDEXUYAOCHULIDEWUSHUINENGGOUTOUGUOFANSHENTOUMO,ZHEISHIXITONGDEGUANJIANZUCHENG。

3.3FANSHENTOUMO

SHENTOUMOZHUANGZHIZHONGDESHUIFENCHENGDANSHUIYUNONGSHUILIANGZHONG,ZHUANGZHIZHONGDUIZHEILIANGZHONGBUTONGLEIXINGDESHUIDOUSHEZHILEKONGZHIFAMEN,NENGGOUBAOZHENGWUSHUIDEHUISHOULVDADAO75%YISHANG,ERTUOYANXIAOLVGENGGAO,DADAO98%YISHANG。

3.4ZUGOUJI

JIARUXITONGFANSHENTOUMOZUYUNXINGZHONG,XUYAOXIANGRONGYEZHONGTOURUYIDINGLIANGDEZUGOUJI,FANGZHIDALIANGDEYOUJIWUHUOZHEYANFENFUZHEZAIMOBIAOMIAN,SHIMOMIANCHUXIANJIEGOUDEWENTI,ZHEIDADATIGAOLEFANSHENTOUMODESHUICHULIZHILIANGYUXIAOLV,MIANQULESHENTOUMODEQINGLIFEIYONG,YEFANGZHILEQINGLIGUOCHENGZHONGDUIMOZAOCHENGPOHUAI。

3.5QINGXIZHUANGZHI

WEILEBAOZHENGZHUANGZHICHIXUWENDINGYUNXING,BIXUDINGQIDUIFANSHENTOUZHUANGZHIJINXINGQINGJIE,TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,DIANCHANGSHUICHULIZHUANGZHISHI3~6 GEYUEQINGXIYICI,QINGXIGONGZUOXUYAOZHUANYEDERENYUANJINXING,BINGSHEZHIZHUANMENDEGONGZUOCHENGXU。

4 电厂水处理中反渗透技术的应用

4.1GUOLUBUJISHUIDECHULI

ZAIDIANCHANGZHONGFANSHENTOUJISHUZHUYAOYONGYUGUOLUBUJISHUIDEYUTUOYANCHULI,LIYONGFANSHENTOUYUTUOYANXITONGJIEHELAIYOUXIAODEJIANGSHUIZHONGDEWUJILIZIQUECHUDIAO。ZHEIZHONGSHUICHULIFANGFASUIRANCHUSHUISHUIZHIJIAOGAO,ERQIEBUHUIDUIHUANJINGDAILAIWURAN,DANYOUYUTOUFANGZIJINJIAODA,YINCIZAIDIANCHANGSHUICHULIZHONGYINGYONGBUJUYOUJINGJIXING。DANGQIANJIAOWEICHANGYONGDEZESHIFANSHENTOUYUHUNHELIZIJIAOHUANTUOYANXITONGXIANGJIEHEDEFANGFA。ZAIFANSHENTOUJISHUZAIDUIDIANCHANGSHUICHULIGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHENGGEGONGYIGUOCHENGZHONGHUISHEJIDAOYUCHULIXITONG、FANSHENTOUZHUANGZHIHECHULIXITONG,GUOLVQITONGCHANGHUIANZHUANGZAIYALICHUANGKOUZHIQIAN,YICILAIJIANGYIXIEXIXIAOWEILIQUCHUDIAO,YICILAIQUEBAOXITONGYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONGJINSHUISUDUHEJINSHUILIANG。FANSHENTOUXITONGZHONGHAIHUIJINXINGGAOYABENGDESHEJI,YICILAIBAOZHENGJINSHUITONGGUOFANSHENTOUZHUANGZHIDEYALI。ZAIFANSHENTOUXITONGZHONG,FANSHENTOUMOJIANGDIANCHANGSHUIFENWEINONGSHUIHEDANSHUILIANGBUFEN,LIYOUFAMENLAIDUISHUIDESHENDUBILIJINXINGKONGZHI,CONGERDADAOSHUIDEHUISHOULVJITUOYANLVDADAOBIAOZHUNDEYAOQIU。ZAIYINGYONGFANSHENTOUJISHUGUOCHENGZHONG,SHEBEIRONGYIFASHENGDUSAIWENTI,CONGERDUICHANSHUISHUIZHIDAILAIYINGXIANG。ZAISHEBEIFASHENGDUSAISHI,HUIYONGJINDALIANGDEXUANFUKELIYINGXIANGXITONGDEXINGNENG。YINCIZAIBAOZHENGYUCHULIGONGYISHEJIDEHELIXING,XUYAOGENJUDIANCHANGGUOLUBUJISHUIDEXITONGDESHUIYUANSHUIZHI,JIANGHUNNINGCHENGQING、GUOLV、CHAOLVDENGJIXIANGGONGYIYOUXIAOJIEHE,TONGSHIZAISHUIZHICHULIGUOCHENGZHONGHAIYAOYINGYONGDAOTIANJIAJI,ZAIJUTISHIYONGTIANJIAJISHIYAOYANGEKONGZHISHIYONGBILI,HAIYAODUISHUIZHIJINXINGDINGQIJIANCHA,BIMIANSUOSHIYONGDETIANJIAJIHUISHUIZHIDAILAIBULIYINGXIANG。LINGWAI,ZUGOUJIDETIANJIAXUYAOYOUZUGOUJITOUJIAXITONGLAIWANCHENG,YICILAIDADAOJIANGDIYUNXINGFEIYONGDEMUBIAO。

4.2XUNHUANLENGQUEPAIWUSHUIHUISHOULIYONG

DIANCHANGFADIANGUOCHENGZHONGDUIXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIXIAOHAOLIANGJIAODA,ZHANZONGHAOSHUILIANGDEJIAODABILI,YINCITONGGUODUIXUNHUANLENGQUESHUIJINXINGHUISHOULIYONGYOULIYUSHIXIANSHUIZIYUANDEJIEYUE,JIANGDIYUNXINGCHENGBEN。TEBIESHIJINNIANLAIRENMENHUANBAOYISHIBUDUANZENGJIA,ZHEIYESHIFEISHUIPAISHUIZHIBIAOYUELAIYUEYANGE,DIANCHANGFEISHUICHULICHENGBENYESUIZHIZENGJIA。TONGGUOYUNYONGFANSHENTOUJISHULAIDUIDIANCHANGFEISHUIJINXINGCHULI,SHIXIANDUIFEISHUIDEXUNHUANLIYONG。JINGGUOFANSHENTOUJISHUCHULIGUODEFEISHUI,NENGGOUYOUXIAODEMANZUXUNHUANLENGQUEXITONGBUCHONGSHUIDESHUIZHIYAOQIU,ERQIEJIANGDILEXUNHUANSHUISHUIZHIDEHUNZHUODU,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIANSHAOLEBUSHUILIANG。XIANGJIAOYUCONGJIANGHEQUSHUIJINGHUACHULICHENGBEN,DUIDIANCHANGFEISHUIFANSHENTOUCHULICHENGBENXIANGDUIYAOGAO,DANZAIYINGYONGGUOCHENGZHONGYOULIYUJIANGDIHUANJINGCHENGBENHEJIANSHAOSHUIZIYUANDEXIAOHAOLIANG,SHIXIANLEDUIFEISHUIDECHONGFENLIYONG,JUYOUFEICHANGHAODESHEHUIXIAOYI、SHENGTAIXIAOYIHEJINGJIXIAOYI。

4.3GUOLUSUANXIFEIYECHULI

TONGGUOMONIDIANCHANGGUOLUSUANXIFEIYEDECHULISHIYAN,WOMENDUIXUNHUANFANGSHIYUFANSHENTOUJISHUFENBIECAIYONGDIYAFUHEMO、HAISHUIMO、CUSUANXIANWEISUMO3 ZHONGFANSHENTOUMODECHULIXIAOGUOJINXINGLEFENXIBIJIAO,DECHUYIXIAJIELUN。(1)ZAIJINXINGGUOLUSUANXIFEIYECHULIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,HAISHUIMODECHULIXIAOGUOZUIHAO,DIYAFUHEMOCIZHI,ZUIHOUWEICUSUANXIANWEISUMO。(2)ZUISHIHEYONGYUGUOLUSUANXIFEIYEFANSHENTOUCHULIDEFANGSHISHISHIYONGHAISHUIMOJINXINGXUNHUANFANGSHICHULI。TONGGUOJIANGFANSHENTOUCHULIJISHUYINGYONGYUDIANCHANGGUOLUSUANXIFEIYEDECHULIDESHIJIAN,KEZHIDUIGUOLUNINGMENGSUANSUANXIFEIYECHULIDEZUIJIAFANGSHIWEI:DIYI,YAODUISUANXIFEIYEJINXINGFANSHENTOUNONGSUOCHULI;DIER,DAIFANSHENTOUKEYIDABIAOPAIFANGHUOZHEHUISHOULIYONGQINONGSUOYEJINGCHUTIECHULIHOU,YAODUIQIJINXINGPENWUGANZAOCHULIRANHOUHUISHOUNINGMENGSUANNAYAN。YUNYONGCIZHONGCHULIFANGSHI,NENGGOUCHEDIJIEJUEGUOLUSUANXIANFEIYEWURANHUANJINGDEWENTI,JINERDADAOJINGJIXIAOYI、SHEHUIXIAOYIYIJISHENGTAIXIAOYIDETONGYI。

5 案例分析

YIMOUDIANCHANGWEILI,GAICHANGZHUANGYOU4TAIYALINJIEZHILIULU500MW。WEICI,GAICHANGYU2014NIANSHEZHILEYITAOCHULINENGLIDADAO10000m3/dDEA2/0+MBRCHULIZHUANGZHI,KEYIYOUXIAODICHUQUWUSHUIZHONGDESS、NH3-N、COD、BOD。XITONGGONGZUOLIUCHENGWEI:GONGYEFEISHUICONGSHIHUISHUIYUCHULIXITONGZHONGJINRUDUOJIEZHIGUOLVQI,DUOJIEZHIGUOLVQIDUISHUIZHONGDEDAKELIWUZHIJINXINGGUOLVLANJIE,JINGGUOCHUBUGUOLVHOUDEFEISHUIJINRUCHAOLVXITONG,CHAOLVXITONGZUOWEIFANSHENTOUXITONGDEYUCHULIXITONG,DUISHUIZHONGFENZIZHIJING0.01μmYISHANGDEDAFENZIWUZHIRUDANBAIZHI、JIAOTIDENGJINXINGGUOLV,CHAOLVCHANSHUIJINRUCHAOLVSHUIXIANG,BINGJINGYOUTISHENGBENGJIANGCHAOLVCHANSHUIJINGANBAOGUOLVQIDUISHUIZHONGZHIJING5μmDEZAZHIZAIJINXINGGUOLVHOUYOUGAOYABENGJINRUFANSHENTOUXITONG,DUISHUIZHONGZHIJING0.001μmZUOYOUDEXIAOFENZIWUZHIRUYOUJIYAN、WUJIYANDENGJINXINGGUOLV,ZUIHOUFANSHENTOUCHANSHUIJINRUFANSHENTOUSHUIXIANG。CHAOLVMODEFANXIGUOCHENGWEI:CHAOLVFANXIBENGCONGCHAOLVSHUIXIANGZHONGCHOUQUFANXISHUIDUICHAOLVMOJINXINGFANXI,HUAXUEQINGXIXUYAOSHEZHIZHUANMENDEHUAXUEQINGXIZHUANGZHIDUICHAOLVMOJINXINGFANXI。FANSHENTOUXITONGDEFANXIGUOCHENGWEI:XITONGTINGZHIYUNXINGSHIHUOZHEGANGKAISHIYUNXINGSHIFANSHENTOUFANXISHUIBENGCONGFANSHENTOUSHUIXIANGCHOUSHUIDUIFANSHENTOUMOJINXINGCHONGXI;XITONGZHENGCHANGYUNXINGSHIFANSHENTOUCHANSHUICONGFANSHENTOUSHUIXIANGJINRUQINGXISHUIXIANG,YOUQINGXIBENGCONGQINGXISHUIXIANGCHOUSHUIDUIFANSHENTOUMOJINXINGQINGXI;DUIFANSHENTOUMOJINXINGHUAXUEQINGXISHI,HUAXUEQINGXISHIJIBIXUJINGGUOBAOANGUOLVQIDUIQINGXIYEZHONGDEZAZHIJINXINGGUOLV,FANGZHISUNHUAIFANSHENTOUMO。

SUZHOUHUAMOHUANBAOKEJIYOUXIANGONGSI|SHUZHI、LVXIN、ZUGOUJI、CHAOLVMO、NALVMO、FANSHENTOUMO-SHUICHULIHAOCAICAIGOU/PIFA

DIZHI:JIANGSUSHENGKUNSHANSHIKAIFAQUQIANJINDONGLU287HAO509SHI。 LIANXIFANGSHI:185 5057 6906

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